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Antique Furniture Styles

It doesn’t matter if you feel like someone who appreciates style, collects things, or collects antiques – you need to be able to define the styles of antique furniture. Antiques reflect the countries’ culture to which it belongs, and the history of the people who owned it can also be traced to the old thing. Let’s talk more about each of the styles.

Roman style

The Romanesque style was used in Europe for about four centuries. There was no variety in this style. The chest, made in the Romanesque style, was considered universal. They not only stored and transported things but also used chests as a bed or stool. Furniture made in the Romanesque style differed from others in that it was decorated with flat carvings. On chairs, tables, and chests, dragons and various colored ornaments were depicted.

Gothic style

The Gothic style is one of the styles of the Middle Ages. It originated in France and was the successor to the Romanesque style. In this direction, such interior elements as chests, benches, and chairs were made. The main wood from which these things were made was oak. The use of walnut, spruce, and pine was less common. The fireplace began to play an important role in the interior. A wardrobe and a sideboard appeared. A semi-canopy was attached to the bed.


In the XIV century, a style was born, called the Renaissance. It originated in Italy and held out in Europe as the mainstream until the 16th century. Things in the Renaissance style had the following characteristics: clarity of forms, relief of carving, a large amount of gilding. This style’s true strength was the refectory tables, the tabletops of which consisted of several panels. The furniture was coated with patina. Cassone’s chests were also created in the Renaissance style. They were used as wedding chests.

Baroque style

The origin of the style falls on the end of the 16th century. Distinctive features were bright colors, gilded items. The expressiveness of forms also distinguished the Baroque from other styles. Compared to the Renaissance, the Baroque’s main distinguishing feature was the complexity of the forms, which changed and modified over time. The curvature of the lines gives the luxury furniture a certain lightness. Tables and chairs made in the Baroque style had curved legs. To provide the surface with curvature, artisans glued small pieces of plywood together. Then the surface was polished. After that, varnishes were applied to it. It was from these times that people began to create lacquerware.

Regency style

When the baroque went out of fashion, it was replaced by the Regency style. The furniture of this style was more graceful and lighter in comparison with the baroque furniture. The products were decorated with interweaving ribbons, grotesque, curls. The use of Chinese porcelain, varnishes, elements of a fan, a pagoda brought some zest to the products of this direction.

The legs of tables and chairs acquired more and more sophisticated shapes: first, legs were created, the bottom of which depicted the shape of a hoof. Then eagle claws appeared, which squeezed the ball.

The decor’s complexity distinguished chaise lounges and chairs made in that era, the backs were upholstered with a soft covering.


Rococo style – known for the lightness and grace of its products. The asymmetry of patterns (flowers, seashells, curls) is the main characteristic of this style. Their wavy shape and asymmetric handles distinguish rococo chests of drawers.

Chippendale style

Chippendale is an English furniture maker. He came up with tables that have a folding part. It was very convenient, and in those days such tables were very popular. But the Chippendale style tea tabletops were made from solid wood. The carved edges created a comfortable setting for table setting. The legs of such tables also looked unusual.


The emergence of the style falls on the XVIII century. He appeared in France. Chairs of this style were luxurious. The backrest upholstery in soft silk, gilding on the legs, as well as delicate carvings, distinguished this antique furniture.

Directory Style

It was this style that prevailed at the end of the 18th century. Simplicity and lightness of forms are the main features of this direction. The legs of the chairs were made even, very rarely bent. Used in the manufacture of furniture expensive materials such as silk and leather.

Empire style

The emergence of this style took place at the beginning of the 19th century. Gold is woven into the fabric of the upholstery, the bedside tables were made as pedestals. Bronze jewelry is also characteristic of this style.

Biedermeier style

The direction can be described as a mixture of Empire and Classicism styles. The furniture is practical and comfortable.

Queen Victoria style

There are wood carvings, metal appliqu├ęs, mosaics and luxurious upholstery. During this period, special soft and comfortable chairs for ladies were created.

Louis Philippe style

This style is similar to rococo. The same soft contours, wavy surfaces and curved legs.

Second Empire

Appeared in the middle of the 19th century. Cast bronze and gilded vintage furniture are what distinguishes this style.

Chesterfield style

The emergence in the 80s of the XIX century. Feet on wheels, an abundance of upholstery materials and the use of springs to create bouncy seats make this style more modern.


Beauty and convenience played an important role in style. Unusual ornament is the main characteristic of Art Nouveau.

Art Deco

Art Deco is a continuation of modernity. The demand for furniture of this style is very high. He is preferred in many countries around the world.

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